"First, designing a bridge at the threshold of a 2,000-m main span length that could carry a significant live load using advanced traditional materials or high strength steels while working under severe constraints imposed by the environment The Akashi Kaikyo Bridge, with a length of almost four kilometers, is the world’s longest suspension bridge.Opened in 1998, it spans the Akashi Strait (Akashi Kaikyo) between Kobe and Awaji Island and is part of the Kobe-Awaji-Naruto Expressway.. In 1998, Japanese engineers stretched the limits of bridge engineering with the completion of the Akashi Kaikyo Bridge. The Akashi Kaikyo Bridge in Japan, which was completed in 1998, contains the world's longest suspension span (distance between support towers)—6,529 ft (1,991 m); the entire bridge, including the portions between the towers and the shores, totals nearly 2.5 mi (4 km). Finally, in 1998, 10 years after construction began on the Akashi Kaikyo Bridge, the final piece of deck was in place. Development of high-strength wire, a key player in reducing the weight of 2,000-meter-long suspension bridges. The towers of the bridge contain tuned mass dampers in order to diminish the vibrations in the structure during earthquakes and typhoons. The Akashi Kaikyo Bridge isn't just long -- it's also extremely tall. The bridge connects Kobe on the island of Honshu (Japan) with Iwaya on Awaji Island while crossing the busy Akashi Strait. Akashi Strait Bridge, also called Akashi Kaikyo Bridge or Pearl Bridge, suspension bridge across the Akashi Strait (Akashi-kaikyo) in west-central Japan.It was the world’s longest suspension bridge when it opened on April 5, 1998. The materials that are used to build a cantilever bridge are typically structural steel, iron, and also prestressed and reinforced concrete. Educators' Guide | Shop. If conventional wires with a strength of 160 kgf/mm2 (1,570 N/mm2) were used, then the Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge would require 2 cables with a diameters of 1,000 millimeters on each side. But on January 17, 1995, the Great Hanshin Earthquake stretched the bridge an additional three feet. They supported their bridge with a truss, or complex network of triangular braces, beneath the roadway. New Material for the Wiring in the Cables ; New Wind Tunnel Built Specifically for Testing a Model of the Bridge ; Vertical Stabilizer Used for Balance; 10 Akashi Kaikyo vs. … The Akashi Strait Bridge was a challenge for engineers. Building Big Home | Site Map | Labs | Databank | Glossary They supported their bridge with a truss, or complex network of triangular braces, beneath the roadway. It took two million workers ten years to construct the bridge, 181,000 tonnes of steel and 1.4million cubic metres of concrete. Local Wonders | Who Builds Big? Location: Kobe and Awaji-shima, Japan The Measurements of the Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge: Akashi Kaiko Bridge is the world’s longest suspension bridge in the world, it has a length of 3911 meters or 12,831 ft. History: Cost to build: $4.3 billion Purpose: Roadway Before the Created by: Corey Kozlovski, Block 4, due on Monday, Nov. 25 Akashi Kaikyō Bridge Located in Kobe and Awaji-shima, Japan Congruent Triangles are along the base of the entire bridge, on the towers, and the cables connecting the towers to the base of the bridge Type of Bridge: While under construction the bridge remains largely unaffected by the Kobe earthquake. The beams also used steel for high tensile strength but for keeping it lightweight thus, making it cheaper. What materials were used to build the nelson Mandela bridge? Japan experiences some of the worst weather on the planet. The project is located in Kobe and Awaji, Hyogo, Japan. It took two million workers, 10 years, 181,000 tonnes of steel and 1.4 million cubic metres of concrete to complete. International Database and Gallery of Structures, Aerodynamics of wind effects on the Akashi Kaikyo Bridge, Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, Minh, Nguyen Nguyen / Yamada, Hitoshi / Miyata, Toshio / Katsuchi, Hiroshi, Aeroelastic complex mode analysis for coupled gust response of the Akashi Kaikyo bridge model, Fujikawa, Hiroyuki / Kishimoto, Yoshitaka / Nasu, Seigo, Aesthetic Design for Akashi Kaikyo Bridge, Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, Inspection, Evaluation and Maintenance of Suspension Bridges, FHAT/Public Roads: World's Longest Suspension Bridge Opens in Japan, Honshu Shikoku Bridge Authority: Akashi Kaikyo Bridge, Honshu Shikoku Bridge Expressway Company Limited, on-axis distance between cables at top of towers. "Kaikyo" simply means "strait". Suspension bridges are one of the earliest types devised by man. This work took place in 1994. The bridge holds three records: it is the longest, tallest, and most expensive suspension bridge ever built. Currently the longest spanning suspension bridge in the world, the Akashi Kaiko Bridge stretches 12,828 feet across the Akashi Strait to link the city of Kobe with Awaji-shima Island. It is the pinnacle of bridge engineering. Four decades in the gestation, the bridge is now used by approximately 23,0 Four decades in the gestation, the bridge is now used by approximately 23,0 The longest bridge in Japan and the world is the Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge, completed in 1998 at a length of 1,991 metres. REGISTER FOR FREE. Fact: Akashi Kaikyo Bridge was built by the government to make the Akashi strait much safer for travel, as it was the only way to transport people and goods. Japan consists … Completed in 1998, the Akashi Kaikyo is a 3.9km-long bridge built across the Akashi Strait, a 1,500m international shipping canal between the Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Japan. The Akashi Kaikyo Bridge is also sometimes referred to as the “Pearl Bridge” and is a suspension bridge that crosses the Akashi Strait in Japan. In addition, engineers placed 20 tuned mass dampers (TMDs) in each tower. The main construction material is steel along with reinforced concrete. The Akashi Kaikyo Suspension Bridge is the longest suspension bridge in the world and it is probably Japan’s greatest engineering feat. Thus, "Akashi Kaikyo" is "Akashi Strait". Its two towers, at 928 feet, soar higher than any other bridge towers in the world. The January 17, 1995 Kobe earthquake had its epicenter right between the two towers of the Akashi Straits Bridge. Has also been used reinforced concrete. Sets of three high-intensity discharge lamps in the colors red, green and blue are mounted on the main cables. So when the wind blows the bridge in one direction, the TMDs sway in the opposite direction, effectively "balancing" the bridge and canceling out the sway. The open network of triangles makes the bridge very rigid, but it also allows the wind to blow right through the structure. Akashi Kaikyo Bridge is a suspension bridge, motorway bridge / freeway bridge, steel bridge and steel pylon that was built from 1988 until 1998. The steel cable used could circle the world seven times. Such primitive bridges—some as long as 660 ft (200 m)—are still being used in areas such as rural India. With this design, the Akashi Kaikyo can handle 180-mile-per-hour winds, and it can withstand an earthquake with a magnitude of up to 8.5 on the Richter scale! | Rain pours down at a rate of 57 inches per year. https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-6105(93)90142-b, https://doi.org/10.1016/s0167-6105(00)00056-8, https://doi.org/10.1177/0361198196154900102, Login The Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge in Japan is the world’s longest suspension bridge. The Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge… Prior to the bridge’s construction, the strait was considered one of the world’s most dangerous waterways. The rope hangers used galvanized steel wire for high resistance. The name is definitely not connecting endpoints of Akashi and Kaikyo. Its two towers , at 928 feet, soar higher than any other bridge towers in the world. How did the Japanese engineers get around these problems? foundations that support the main towers had to be securely laid with high precision on the seabed 60 meters (197 feet) underwater. History. The original planned length was 1990 meters for the main span, but the seismic event moved the towers apart by almost a meter. Once the main cables and the vertical cables were in position the deck / roadway was fixed hanging below them. The Akashi Kaikyō Bridge (明石海峡大橋, Akashi Kaikyō Ōhashi) is a suspension bridge, which links the city of Kobe on the Japanese mainland of Honshu to Iwaya on Awaji Island. Structurae Version 7.0 - © 1998-2020 Nicolas Janberg. History. But not finished. The world’s longest single span is the 1.2-mile main suspension section that’s part of a three-span bridge crossing the Akashi Strait in Japan. New Material for the Wiring in the Cables ; New Wind Tunnel Built Specifically for Testing a Model of the Bridge ; Vertical Stabilizer Used for Balance; 10 Akashi Kaikyo … It is part of the ongoing Honshu-Shikoku Bridge Authority (HSBA) project to link the islands of Honshu, Awaji and Shikoku. The suspension bridge connects the city of Kobe (mainland of Honshu) to Iwaya (Awaji Island) in Japan. The Akashi Kaikyō Suspension Bridge has been designed to withstand earthquakes and harsh sea conditions. Work crews hoisting the roadway of the Akashi Kaikyo Bridge, Kobe and Awaji-shima, Japan: Honshu-Shikoku Bridge Authority This Web site was produced for PBS Online by WGBH. Somewhat more sophisticated designs incorporate a flat surface on which a person can walk, sometime… The structural rivets used in the bridge utilised a mild steel which had an ultimate tensile strength of between 413-482 MPa. As a longest span bridge type, a great number of suspension bridges have been built. The Akashi–Kaikyo bridge has a total of 1,737 illumination lights: 1,084 for the main cables, 116 for the main towers, 405 for the girders and 132 for the anchorages. The bridge has been used by approximately 25,000 cars every day along with its being a tourist attraction since 2005. The Akashi Kaikyo Suspension Bridge is the longest suspension bridge in the world and it is probably Japan’s greatest engineering feat. Before the construction of the bridge, boats and ships (ferries) were used to carry passengers and vehicles across the Akashi strait. Completed in 1998, the Akashi Kaikyo is a 3.9km-long bridge built across the Akashi Strait, a 1,500m international shipping canal between the Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Japan. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. Although designed to last 200 years, the Akashi Kaikyo Bridge requires daily maintenance. The Akashi Kaikyo Bridge. The Great Seto Bridge forms the main rail connection, and the Akashi Kaikyo Bridge is the economic artery between the mainland and Shikoku.” Spanning the length of the exhibition hall is a 1:100 scale 40m-long test model of the bridge. Building began in 1988. It took two million workers ten years to construct the bridge, 181,000 tonnes of steel and 1.4million cubic metres of concrete. And at 1,991 metres, its central span is the longest of any suspension bridge, anywhere. They also had to consider the weather. The Akashi Kaikyo Bridge isn't just long -- it's also extremely tall. Click photo If conventional wires with a strength of 160 kgf/mm2 (1,570 N/mm2) were used, then the Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge would require 2 cables with a diameters of 1,000 millimeters on each side. Akashi Kaikyo Bridge - Designing Buildings Wiki - Share your construction industry knowledge. It spans a waterway 4km (3,911m) wide and is designed to withstand powerful typhoons, tsunami, and earthquakes. : You are free: to share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work; to remix – to adapt the work; Under the following conditions: attribution – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. It is 710 meters longer than the San Francisco's world-famous Golden Gate Bridge, built in 1937. For the foundation, underwater towers developed a new type of mixing a “concrete submarine that is not broken” (a “nondisintegration concrete). All rights reserved. The bridge was originally designed to be 12,825 feet. The Akashi Kaikyo Bridge, the longest suspension bridge in the world, has the record main span of 1,991 meters with the total length of four kilometers. With a main center span of almost 2km (1,991m) it surpasses the 2nd longest suspension bridge by more than 300m. Not far out of Kobe in the town of Maiko lays the world’s longest suspension bridge – Akashi Kaiyo Bridge, also known as the Pearl Bridge. Web site © 2000-2001 WGBH Educational Foundation. The Akashi Strait is a busy shipping port, so engineers had to design a bridge that would not block shipping traffic. The Kobe earthquake in January 17, 1995 is an example of the bridge’s strength. They supported their bridge with a truss, or complex network of triangular braces, beneath the roadway. This steel had sufficient tensile strength and shear strength for its use as rivets in the construction of the bridge. It is one of the key links of the Honshū–Shikoku Bridge Project, which created three routes across the Inland … The most primitive version is a vine rope linking two sides of a chasm; a person travels across by hanging from the rope and pulling himself along, hand over hand. Materials The main material used in the bridge superstructure is steel. All data contained herein is subject to change and is provided without warranties. The TMDs swing in the opposite direction of the wind sway. Designed by Japanese engineer Satoshi Kashima, the Akashi Kaikyō is ranked as the world's longest suspension bridge, thanks to a central span of 1,991 metres. Sets of three high-intensity discharge lamps in the colors red, green and blue are mounted on the main cables. It was completed in 1998, and has the longest central span of any suspension bridge in the world, at 1,991 metres (6,532 ft; 1.237 mi). To do this, a gigantic 80-meter (263-foot) diameter, 70-meter (230-foot) high steel cylinder This Strait is located south of the city of Kobe and to the east of the major city of Osaka.. The original design of the bridge was prepared for both car… The six-lane suspension bridge, which transformed a 45-minute ferry ride into a four-minute journey by car, was complete. Akashi Strait Bridge, also called Akashi Kaikyo Bridge or Pearl Bridge, suspension bridge across the Akashi Strait (Akashi-kaikyo) in west-central Japan.It was the world’s longest suspension bridge when it opened on April 5, 1998. It forms part of the Honshu-Shikoku Highway. The steel cable … It crosses the busy Akashi Strait (Akashi Kaikyō in Japanese) as part of the Honshu–Shikoku Highway. Development of high-strength wire, a key player in reducing the weight of 2,000-meter-long suspension bridges. The Kobe earthquake in January 17, 1995 is an example of the bridge’s strength. The suspension bridge connects the city of Kobe (mainland of Honshu) to Iwaya (Awaji Island) in Japan. The Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge owes its success to 7 key inventions found in 7 landmark bridges. The Akashi Kaikyō Suspension Bridge has been designed to withstand earthquakes and harsh sea conditions. Since construction of the deck had not yet begun, the change was easily accommodated in the slightly altered final design. The Akashi Kaikyo Bridge (AKB) is a three-span, two-hinged stiffening girder system suspension bridge that spans the Akashi Strait, connecting the Japanese mainland at Maiko, Taruni-ward in Kobe with Matsuho on Awaji Island. Before the construction of the bridge, boats and ships (ferries) were used to carry passengers and vehicles across the Akashi strait. 1. The bridge crosses the Akashi Strait. Japan is both a bridge-building dream and a nightmare. Large purpose built cranes were used to lift the sections, 4000 tonnes each, were bolted into position, one after another. The spectacular view of the bridge at night resulted in the name, Pearl Bridge. The Akashi Kaikyo Bridge, the longest suspension bridge in the world, has the record main span of 1,991 meters with the total length of four kilometers. 290 sections make up the entire bridge. The bridge was opened to traffic on 5 April 1998. The Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge is also 692 meters longer than New York's Verrazano-Narrows Bridge (constructed in 1964), the longest suspension bridge in the United States. Do you really want to delete this item from your favorites? Akashi Kaikyo Bridge is a suspension bridge, motorway bridge / freeway bridge, steel bridge and steel pylon that was built from 1988 until 1998. The bridge is so long, it would take eight. 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